Frequently asked Questions pertaining to Fasting (Part 2)
What is the status of Sehri in Ramadaan?
A. Sehri is a Sunnah practice. Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam is reported to have said,”Partake of Sehri, for verily there is Barakah (blessings) in Sehri.” (Bukhari, Muslim) However the fast is valid without Sehri.
Does the use of an injection break the fast?
A. The fast is not nullified. However if the injection is injected directly into the stomach or brain, the fast would break. (Ahsanul Fatawa, V: 4, P: 432).
NB. Dosages of Insulin injected to the abdomen does not invalidate the fast as it is not injected directly into the stomach.
Does the use of a drip break the fast?
A. No. (Fataawa Mahmoodiya, V: 10, P: 149, Farooqiyyah).
Can I have a blood test done whilst fasting?
A. Yes, you could do so provided that you do not become so weak that fasting becomes difficult. (AhsanulFatawa, V: 4, P: 435, Sa’eed)
If one vomits, does it break the fast?
A. The fast is only broken if one had vomited a mouthful involuntarily and swallowed it voluntarily or if one had voluntarily (induced) vomited a mouthful whether swallowed or not. (al-Fataawa al-Hindiyyah– V: 1, P: 203/4)
The definition of “mouthful (vomit)” is that which one cannot hold back in one’s mouth without difficulty.
Is it permissible to swim whilst fasting?
A. It is not advisable to swim whilst fasting. If water is swallowed by mistake or enters through the nose and reaches the brain then the fast will break and a Qadha will have to be kept. (Tahtaawi Alaa Maraqil Falaah, P: 671)
Is it permissible to apply oil to the head whilst fasting?
A. Yes it is permissible to do so. (al-Fataawa al-Hindiyya– V: 1, P: 203)
I am writing exams during Ramadaan and find it difficult to concentrate whilst hungry. Can I delay my fast until after Ramadaan?
A. It is not permissible to do so. Keep your fast and pray to Allah Ta’ala to make it easy for you.(Fataawa Raheemiya V: 2. P: 34)
I am an asthmatic. Does the usage of the pump break my fast?
A. It is advisable that you use your pump at Sehri time and Iftaar time. However, if you do have an acute attack, you could use your pump. This will break your fast however.
Will my fast break if my nose bleeds?
A. No, the fast is not broken by mere nosebleed. However if blood flows down the throat, it will break if one tastes the blood in the throat or the blood swallowed is more or equal to the saliva swallowed with it. If the blood is less than the saliva, the fast is still intact. (al-Fataawa al-Hindiyyah– V:1, P: 203)
Can one take a bath after Sehri, to be cleared from the state of Janaabat (requiring Fardh Ghusal)?
A. It is not advisable to unnecessarily delay the Fardh Ghusl. However if one is the position that he wants to partake of Sehri before taking the Ghusl then it is permissible.
If one is fasting and sprays perfume on oneself and accidentally inhales some of the perfume, will it break the fast? Will Qadha have to be made?
A. One’s fast does not break by wearing, feeling or smelling fragrance. As such, it is permitted to apply perfume (itr) whilst in the state of fasting. However, if one was to intentionally inhale something that has a perceptible body, such as smoke (like the smoke of lobaan, the vapour of perfumes, agharbatti, Oudh etc.), then one’s fast would become invalid. (Tahtawi ala Maraqil Falaah, P:660)
Does masturbating break the fast?
A. One is not allowed to masturbate, whether fasting or not. However if one does this vile act whilst fasting then the fast will break and a Qadha will have to be kept. (Raddul Muhtaar, V:. 2, P: 399)
NB: One should make sincere and abundant Taubah for this debase act.
Is it permissible for a husband and wife to kiss whilst fasting?
A. It is permissible, provided that:
i. One does not swallow the saliva of his/her partner.
ii. One has control over his/her desire and is not driven by desire to sexual intercourse or ejaculation.(Raddul Muhtaar, V: 2, P: 410)
However such an action in the state of fasting is not advisable. If the saliva of the spouse is swallowed then not only is Qadha to be made but also Kaffaarah (i.e. fasting consecutively for 60 days).
Q. I am a diabetic and not in a position to keep fast. How do I compensate for the missed fasts?
A. Allah Ta’ala has granted permission to people like yourself to compensate the fast with contributions for poor Muslims. The Jurists have equated this amount to that of Sadaqatul Fitr (money given on Eid day to the poor). The current (Ramadhaan 1438) price in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa is R20.00 or more for each fast. It could be paid at the beginning of Ramadhan or at the end. (Shaami). This money may not be discharged before Ramadaan.
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)
Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport
Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099
Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163
Website : www.jamiat.org.za