Witr Sunnat Surahs

Assalamu alaikum ww. There are several narrations which make mention of different Surahs in the different Rak’aat of Witr. Fataawaa Rahimiyyah reconciles between these narrations as follows:

1). Surah A’alaa, Kaafiroon, Ikhlaas

2). Surah Qadr, Nasr, Lahab

3). Surah Zalzalah, Kauthar, Ikhlaas

4). Surah Takaathur, Asr, Kaafiroon

5). Surah A’alaa, Kaafiroon, Ikhlaas+Falaq+Naas

6). Surah Ikhlaas, Falaq, Naas

Masnun Qiraat in Witr

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would recite the following nine Surahs in Witr:

*In the first rak’ah: Surah Takathur (Surah 102), Surah Qadr (Surah 97) or Surah Zilzal (Surah 99).*

*In the second rak’ah: Surah ‘Asr (Surah 103), Surah Nasr (Surah 110) or Surah Kawthar (Surah 108).*

*In the third rak’ah: Surah Kafirun (Surah 109), Surah Lahab (Surah 111) or Ikhlas (Surah 112)*

(Musnad Ahmad, vol. 1 pg. 89, Musnad Bazzar, Hadith: 851 and Musnad Abu Ya’la, Hadith: 460 via a weak chain. Imam Tirmidhi has also recorded a shorter version of this narration, Hadith: 460)

Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah (radiyallahu’anha) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) would [also] recite the following in the 3 rak’ats of witr:

*Surah Ikhlas, Surah Falaq & Surah Nas.*
(Tahawi, vol.1 pg.285)

This has also been reported as the habit of Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhu)

(Fadailul Quran of Ibn Durays, Hadith: 292 & Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 6946)

It is also sunnah to recite the following surahs instead of the above:

*Surah A’la, Surah Kafirun & Surah ikhlas.*

(Sunan Abi Dawud, hadith: 1418-1419 & Sunan Tirmidhi, hadith: 462-463)

This is the more popular format.
See: Sharhul Ihya, vol.3 pg.354-355.

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